Diabetes 2 sufferers looking for a solution to controlling high-sugar blood levels have found it in Metformin. Used with proper diet, exercise, and other medications (some patients) will find that blood sugar levels are reduced over time by consuming the prescribed dosage of this medication.
High blood sugar levels can cause kidney problems/failure, nerve problems, blindness, loss of limbs, and in some cases, can lead to death.
For this reason, type II diabetes sufferers should familiarize themselves with the right medications and treatment solutions, to help keep blood sugar at the appropriate levels. Metformin is one such drug used to help maintain proper blood sugar levels.
Below we will detail how to use the medication, possible complications/side effects, why type II sufferers should use it, and detail how the medication works to help maintain blood sugar levels, in conjunction with proper diet/exercise regimen.
What is Metformin?
Metformin is a prescription drug which is primarily used to help type II diabetes sufferers maintain proper blood sugar levels. The prescription can be used on its own, or in some cases doctors might prescribe additional medications to help in treating type II diabetes.
Metformin is often prescribed as the “first-step,” in treating type II diabetes. The reason being is that it directly targets the cause of diabetes (which is your inability to produce insulin to offset the sugars you consume on a daily basis).
Sufferers of type II diabetes aren’t capable of producing insulin to offset sugars. This means the instant they consume carbs (or sugary foods), their blood sugar levels spike.
Metformin helps the body metabolize the carbs (sugary substance) which in turn helps regulate blood sugar levels, and helps maintain stability in your body.
Another issue which Metformin targets is the decrease of glucose production in the liver. By decreasing glucose levels, this helps lower glucose levels in the bloodstream and also helps change the manner in which your body’s blood cells react to insulin in the future.
Insulin is transported through the system more efficiently. This eliminates the spikes in blood sugar levels, and helps stabilize liver enzymes, naturally stabilizing your body.
Why You Need Metformin?
Although Metformin is not the only viable prescription available for type II diabetes sufferers, it is one of the most effective. If you constantly experience glucose depletion, high blood sugar levels, and are constantly reaching for your insulin pen (injector) Metformin might be the prescription you’ve been looking for.
So, what exactly will it do for you as a type II diabetes sufferer? Some of the reasons why you will find it beneficial to take the medication includes:
As the most highly-prescribed medication for type II diabetes sufferers, Metformin will help treat the underlying symptoms. If you constantly suffer from blood sugar spikes, feel depleted (tired), or suffer from other symptoms commonly associated with type II diabetes, speaking to your doctor about Metformin as a viable treatment solution, might be something you consider doing.
Types of Metformin
There are different ways in which you can consume Metformin. The types of prescription which are available include:
- Fortamet Metformin (available in 500 or 1000 mg).
- Glucophage XR Tablets.
- Other generic brand names are also available.
In addition to the different generic varieties available, Metformin also comes in a liquid base/solution, or it can be taken in a pill form.
There is also an IR version, which is an immediate release. This simply means the medication begins going through your system immediately upon consumption to help stabilize blood sugar levels.
There is an SR variety, which is contrarily the slow release form of Metformin. XR is a third variety, which stands for extended release, meaning it works its way through your bloodstream over a span of time.
Depending on dosage, form (tablet or liquid/oral base), and the strength, each will work differently in your system to counter the symptoms of type II diabetes.
How Metformin Works –
The prescription medication works in either a: SR, IR, or ER release. Slow, immediate, or extended release. Upon being consumed, the medication will simply help lessen the release of glucose in the liver.
Metformin also works by helping your body increase insulin sensitivities (by balancing glucose levels in the kidney/liver), and helps decrease the amount of glucose the body absorbs (when consuming high carb or sugary foods).
Depending on the version prescribed by your doctor (IR, ER, SR), the drug will take effect within your system slowly, quickly/immediate, or over an extended period of time.
Best time to Take Metformin
For most patients, it is prescribed to be taken twice daily. It should be consumed in the morning and evening with a meal (not on an empty stomach). If prescribed to be taken once daily, it should be consumed with breakfast for optimal results, as this will allow the medication to work through your system during the day.
The reason it works best when consumed at these times is that these are the times which you are likely to consume high-carb and higher sugar based foods.
By taking the medication with your meals, it will help counter-balance the effects of glucose on your system, and balance blood sugar levels efficiently.
By taking it in the morning, it will also remain in your system for several hours (as is the same in the evening). So, even if you snack during the day, the medication will help prevent spikes in blood sugar levels.
Side Effects of Metformin
As is the case with any prescription medication, there are many side-effects you should be aware of prior to starting the use of Metformin. The least common (which are sometimes reported) include:
- Alcohol abuse.
- Kidney issues.
- Liver disease.
- Heart problems/conditions.
Other side-effects (more common) might also present themselves with some individuals. These include: vomiting, nausea, heartburn, gas, constipation, bloating, Vitamin B-12 and D deficiencies. It is also important to note if you are taking other prescriptions while on Metformin, additional side-effects might also present themselves.
It is the leading prescription medication for type II diabetes sufferers. The simple fact that it helps regulate blood sugar levels, treats the underlying symptoms associated with type II diabetes, and affords you relief from spikes in blood sugar levels, are a few of the reasons it is the most highly-prescribed type II diabetes medication.
Whether you’ve tried other prescriptions with little/no relief, are looking for a supplemental medication, or simply want to counter-balance the effects of high blood-sugar levels, Metformin is a medication which might afford the benefits/relief you desire.